Disc protrusion (also called a bulging disc) is a common back injury that affects intervertebral discs in the spinal column. Intervertebral discs separate vertebrae and provide cushioning, support, movement, and shock absorption in the spine. They’re made up of a tough outer ring enclosing a soft, jelly-like nucleus.
In a healthy disc, the nucleus material is centered. When the nucleus presses against the outer ring, the spinal disc begins to bulge into the spine — the bulge can occur around part or all of the circumference of the disc.
Some cases of disc protrusion aren’t even noticeable and result in no pain or symptoms, while other cases cause back or neck pain. If the bulging disc irritates or presses against a nerve in the spinal canal, symptoms like radiating pain, weakness, and numbness can develop.
A bulging disc can progress to a herniated disc, which occurs when the nucleus material breaks through the outer ring and spreads into the spinal canal.
Keep reading to learn more about what causes bulging discs and how to treat them.
A bulging disc is a common back injury that can occur from several causes. The majority of bulging discs stem from one or more of the following factors.
Risk factors for developing a bulging disc include age, obesity, smoking, a physically demanding occupation, a sedentary lifestyle, poor posture, and genetics.
In many cases, non-surgical treatments are successful in managing pain and symptoms from a bulging disc. A protruding disc may require several weeks or months to heal completely, but early treatment can prevent the disc from rupturing in the future.
Conservative treatment options include:
While it’s rare for a bulging disc to require surgery, some do. If your condition requires spine surgery, talk to your doctor to see if you qualify for a minimally invasive approach.
You can help prevent spinal disc injuries by maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, quitting smoking, and practicing good posture and body positioning.
Integrity Spine and Orthopedics offers top-notch spine and orthopedic care for acute and chronic conditions. We have the orthopedic care, pain management, sports medicine, and minimally invasive surgery services to help you to get back on your feet and back to doing the activities you love.